نگارش 2 خرداد 89 تربیت معلم ثامن .              15 نمره    وقت 90 دقیقه                  

پاسخ ها با رنگ آبی مشخص شده است
A. Essay Analysis:                                                     .
1- Give an outline for the following essay. ( 2.5 Points ) 
این متن از صفحه ۹۹ کتاب درسی انتخاب شده ( با حذف پاراگراف ۵ و ۶ ) و
مربوطه در صفحه ۶۵ داده شده است outline                                  .
            

2- There are two grammatical mistakes in the body paragraphs of the essay. Underline the mistakes and give the correct form for each one. ( 1.5 Points )                              .           
     1- must take ----  must be taken
2- in addition to expensive ---- in addition to being expensive

3- Find and circle one irrelevant sentence in the body paragraphs. ( 1 Points )        .                                                                       .
Irrelevant sentence: Oil and natural gas also may be risky in some occasions.

                                                 Don't Support Nuclear Energy!                       .

          These days, it seems like everyone is worried about how the world will meet its energy demands when we have run out of oil and natural gas. Scientists and researchers are investigating such power sources as solar energy, wind energy, and even energy from hot rocks beneath the earth's surface. However, there is one energy source that I believe should not be developed any further. Even though it can provide the world with a source of electricity, nuclear power is not a good energy source because it is too expensive, the materials used in the power plants are not safe, and there is a great possibility of accidents.                                                                               .
           Nuclear power is not an economical energy source. First of all, nuclear fuel is expensive. It must be taken out of the ground and transported great distances. As fuels are used up, they will become even more expensive, just as oil and gas have. In addition, nuclear power plants cost a lot of money to build and to operate because of the great care that must take with safety. Because the people who work in nuclear power plants must be highly trained specialists, salaries for workers are so high.                                                                                      .         
            In addition to expensive, nuclear materials are not safe. When uranium is taken out of the ground, radioactive gas is released. This is not safe for the miners. Oil and natural gas also may be risky in some occasions. Uranium itself also is not safe because of its high radioactivity. Because of this, people who work with nuclear fuels are at risk of cancer. As nuclear power plants run, they create nuclear waste, which also is dangerous. It is very radioactive, and it is difficult to dispose of or even to store safely. No town wants nuclear waste buried nearby, and for good reason.               .
            Most significantly, there is always a possibility of nuclear accidents. The power plants themselves can fall when they get old or if they are not built correctly. The machinery can malfunction, too. In 1979, problems at the Three Miles Island nuclear power plant in the United States resulted in radioactive materials escaping into the nearby community. More recently, equipment failures were responsible for accidents in power plants in Tarapur, India in 1992, and Darlington, Canada, also in 1992. Both of these accidents led to leaks of radioactive material.            .
           It is true that oil and gas cannot supply all of the world's energy needs much longer. However, we cannot replace them with an energy source that is expensive and dangerous, from the time the fuels are taken out of the ground to even after the plant is running. Instead, we must develop cheaper and, most importantly, safer types of energy to power our world.                                    .


B. Write an essay ( at least 300 words) on one of the following topics.
(10 Points) 
                                                         .

1- Compare and contrast the women's life in our society with that of the Western countries.        .
2-  Discuss what the government can do to attract more tourists to our country and the benefits it may have.                                                                  .
3- Think of a story you have read which has also been made into a movie. Describe the differences between the two versions.

 

 
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